, May 24, 2024

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Caring for Your Dog’s Kidneys: A Comprehensive Guide


  •   4 min reads
Caring for Your Dog’s Kidneys: A Comprehensive Guide
via Flickr
By Mariana Burgos

Maintaining the health of your dog’s kidneys is crucial for their overall well-being, especially as they age. Kidney disease in dogs can present various challenges, but with proper care and nutrition, you can significantly improve your furry friend’s quality of life.

Understanding Kidney Disease in Dogs

Kidney disease can manifest in various forms in dogs, ranging from acute to chronic conditions. Symptoms may include increased thirst and urination, nausea, vomiting, lethargy, and mouth ulcers. Early detection and intervention are key to slowing down the progression of kidney disease and alleviating discomfort for your canine companion.

Dr. Jennifer Coates, DVM, says kidney diets play a crucial role in managing kidney disease in dogs. In her article, “What To Feed a Dog With Kidney Disease,” in the PetMD website, she says that dogs with kidney disease often experience reduced appetite, nausea, and mouth ulcers, making it challenging to ensure adequate nutrition intake. In severe cases, a feeding tube may be necessary to provide essential nutrients.

An ultrasound is done on a dog at a clinic to check the kidneys. (Photo from iStock royalty-free images.)

Nutritional Guidelines for Dogs with Kidney Disease

A tailored kidney diet for dogs should address specific nutritional requirements to support kidney function and overall health. Dr. Coates outlines key considerations when selecting appropriate nutrition for dogs with kidney disease:

Protein Management: While dogs require protein for muscle maintenance and immune function, excessive protein intake can exacerbate symptoms of kidney disease. Opt for high-quality proteins with balanced essential amino acids to meet your dog’s needs without overloading their kidneys.

Phosphorus Regulation: Elevated phosphorus levels in the bloodstream can accelerate kidney damage. Choose food with controlled phosphorus content, favoring plant-based protein sources with lower phosphorus levels.

Hydration and Water Content: Dogs with kidney disease are prone to dehydration, emphasizing the importance of adequate hydration. Opt for wet food with high water content to supplement your dog’s fluid intake.

Supplements: Omega-3 fatty acids, antioxidants, and fermentable fiber are beneficial supplements for supporting kidney health in dogs. These nutrients can reduce inflammation, neutralize free radicals, and aid in waste elimination.

Transitioning to a Kidney Diet

Transitioning your dog to a kidney diet requires careful planning and gradual adjustment. Dr. Coates recommends that you start by incorporating small portions of the new food into their existing diet and gradually increase the ratio over a two-week period.

In general, high-quality kidney diets for dogs typically have a nutrient profile that aligns with the following guidelines:

Nutrient Grams/1000 kcal

Protein 31-41

Phosphorus 0.5-0.8

Sodium 0.4-1.2

EPA and DHA 0.4-1.2

Locating this information regarding dog food may be challenging, as it is not always readily available on labels or manufacturer websites. If you encounter difficulty obtaining these details, consult with your veterinarian for assistance in selecting a suitable kidney diet tailored to your dog’s specific requirements.

A dog is brought to a clinic for a wellness check. (Photo from iStock royalty-free images.)

Maintaining Kidney Health: Practical Tips

In addition to dietary modifications, several lifestyle factors can contribute to maintaining kidney health in dogs.  Nutravet, a reputable source for pet health information, in their article, “Top Tips to Maintain Kidney Health in Pets,” offers the following recommendations:

Ensure Adequate Water Intake: Provide your dog with access to fresh, clean water at all times to support hydration and kidney function.

Proper Dental Care: Periodontal disease can increase the risk of kidney problems in dogs. Regular teeth brushing and dental cleanings can help prevent oral health issues.

Stress Reduction: Minimize stressors in your dog’s environment, as stress can affect appetite and water intake, impacting kidney health.

Toxin Avoidance: Identify and eliminate potential toxins from your dog’s surroundings, including toxic food (e.g., chocolate, grapes), household chemicals, and plants.

Regular Veterinary Check-ups: Schedule routine veterinary visits to monitor your dog’s overall health and receive personalized recommendations for their care.

Caring for your dog’s kidneys requires a multifaceted approach, incorporating specialized nutrition, lifestyle modifications, and regular veterinary care. By implementing the guidelines outlined in this article, you can effectively manage kidney disease in your dog and enhance their quality of life for years to come. Remember, proactive intervention and attentive care are essential for promoting kidney health in our beloved canine companions.

About the Author: Mariana Burgos is a freelance artist, writer, and tutor. She has been a solo parent for 17 years now because she is the wife of Jonas Burgos, a Filipino desaparecido. She and her daughter are animal lovers and are active in advocating not only human rights but the rights of animals as well.

This article also appears in the Manila Standard



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