, November 30, 2022

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SWS: Duterte Leaves Office with ‘Excellent’ 81% Rating


  •   7 min reads
SWS: Duterte Leaves Office with ‘Excellent’ 81% Rating
by  Social Weather Stations
  • Net satisfaction rating Excellent in all areas of the country
  • Higher net satisfaction among Non-Hungry families

The national Social Weather Survey of June 26-29, 2022, the last under the administration of President Rodrigo Duterte, found 88% of adult Filipinos satisfied, 5% undecided, and 7% dissatisfied with the performance of Rodrigo R. Duterte as President.

Compared to April 2022, gross satisfaction with President Duterte rose by 10 points from 78%, gross undecided fell by 4 points from 9%, and gross dissatisfaction fell by 6 points from 13% [Chart 1, Tables 1 and 2].

The resulting net satisfaction rating is +81 (% satisfied minus % dissatisfied), classified by SWS as excellent[1].

This is 16 points above the very good +65 in April 2022 and a new record-high that surpassed the previous record of +79 in November 2020.

Net satisfaction rating Excellent in all areas of the country

The 16-point rise in President Duterte’s overall net satisfaction rating from April 2022 to June 2022 was due to increases in all areas.

President Duterte’s net satisfaction rose from very good to excellent in Metro Manila, up by 22 points from +63 to a new record-high +85. This surpassed the previous record of +76 in November 2020 for this area [Chart 2, Table 3].

It rose from very good to excellent in Balance Luzon, up by 15 points from +60 to a new record-high +75. This surpassed the previous record of +73 in November 2020.

It rose from very good to excellent in the Visayas, up by 28 points from +55 to a new record-high +83. This surpassed the previous record of +79 in December 2019.

It stayed excellent in Mindanao, up by 7 points from +83 to +90.

Excellent in both urban and rural areas

Urban net satisfaction with President Duterte rose from very good to excellent, up by 20 points from +64 in April 2022 to +84 in June 2022 [Chart 3, Table 4].

Rural net satisfaction also rose from very good to excellent, up by 12 points from +65 to +77.

Excellent among both men and women

President Duterte’s net satisfaction rating rose from very good to excellent among men, up by 15 points from +65 in April 2022 to +80 in June 2022 [Chart 4, Table 5].

It also rose from very good to excellent among women, up by 18 points from +64 to +82.

Excellent in all age groups

The President’s net satisfaction rating rose from very good to excellent among the 18-24-year-olds, up by 8 points from +70 in April 2022 to +78 in June 2022 [Chart 5, Table 6].

It rose from very good to excellent among the 25-34-year-olds, up by 18 points from +68 to +86.

It rose from very good to excellent among the 35-44-year-olds, up by 18 points from +68 to +86.

It rose from very good to excellent among the 45-54-year-olds, up by 21 points from +61 to +82.

It also rose from very good to excellent among those 55 years old and older, up by 16 points from +59 to +75.

Excellent in all educational groups

President Duterte’s net satisfaction rating rose from very good to excellent among those who either had no formal education or some elementary education, up by 10 points from +66 in April 2022 to +76 in June 2022 [Chart 6, Table 7].

It rose from very good to excellent among those who either finished elementary or had some high school education, up by 19 points from +58 to +77.

It rose from very good to excellent among those who either finished junior high school, had some vocational schooling, had some senior high school, finished senior high school, completed vocational school, or attended some college, up by 14 points from +69 to +83.

It also rose from very good to excellent among those who either graduated from college or took post-graduate studies, up by 25 points from +62 to +87.

Higher net satisfaction among Non-Hungry families

The June 2022 survey found that 11.6% of Filipino families, or an estimated 2.9 million, experienced involuntary hunger – being hungry and not having anything to eat – at least once in the past three months (“Second Quarter 2022 Social Weather Survey: Hunger eases from 12.2% to 11.6%,” September 10, 2022, www.sws.org.ph).

President Duterte’s net satisfaction rating was +83 among adults who belong to families that did not experience hunger in the past three months, compared to +70 among those who belong to families that experienced hunger in general, +74 among those who belong to families who experienced Moderate Hunger, and +56 among those who belong to families who experienced Severe Hunger [Chart 7].

Moderate Hunger refers to those who experienced hunger “Only Once” or “A Few Times” in the last three months. Meanwhile, Severe Hunger refers to those who experienced it “Often” or “Always” in the last three months.

Socio-demographic characteristics of respondents

Applying census weights and correctly rounded, 14% of the respondents are from Metro Manila, 45% from Balance Luzon, 19% from the Visayas, and 23% from Mindanao [Table 8].

Fifty-three percent are from urban areas, and 47% are from rural areas.

The male:female ratio is 1:1 due to deliberate alternate sampling of men and women in the field.

By age group, 11% are youth (18-24), 18% are intermediate youth (25-34), 22% are middle-aged (35-44), 17% are 45 to 54 years old, and 31% are 55 years old and above.

By education, 12% had at most some elementary education, 28% either finished elementary or had some high school education, 31% either finished junior high school or had some vocational schooling, 19% either had some senior high school, finished senior high school, completed vocational school, or attended some college, and 11% either graduated from college or took post-graduate studies.

Survey background

The Second Quarter 2022 Social Weather Survey was conducted from June 26-29, 2022, using face-to-face interviews of 1,500 adults (18 years old and above) nationwide: 300 each in Metro Manila, the Visayas, and Mindanao, and 600 in Balance Luzon. Face-to-face is the standard interviewing method for Social Weather Stations; the only exceptions were early in the pandemic when movement restrictions made face-to-face impossible and mobile phone interviews were conducted. Normal face-to-face field operations resumed in November 2020. The sampling error margins are ±2.5% for national percentages, ±5.7% each for Metro Manila, the Visayas, and Mindanao, and ±4.0% for Balance Luzon.

The area estimates were weighted by the Philippine Statistics Authority medium-population projections for 2022 to obtain the national estimates.

The survey items reported here were non-commissioned. They were done on SWS’s own initiative and released as a public service.

The exact phrasing of the survey questions (the source language is Filipino; English translation included) was:

On Satisfaction with the President: “Maaari po bang pakisabi ninyo kung gaano kayo nasisiyahan o hindi nasisiyahan sa pagganap ng tungkulin ni RODRIGO DUTERTE bilang Presidente ng Pilipinas. Kayo ba ay lubos na nasisiyahan, medyo nasisiyahan, hindi tiyak kung nasisiyahan o hindi, medyo hindi nasisiyahan, lubos na hindi nasisiyahan, o wala pa kayong narinig o nabasa kahit na kailan tungkol kay RODRIGO DUTERTE? [Please tell me how satisfied or dissatisfied you are with the performance of RODRIGO DUTERTE as President of the Philippines. Are you very satisfied, somewhat satisfied, undecided if satisfied or dissatisfied, somewhat dissatisfied, very dissatisfied, or you have not ever heard or read anything about RODRIGO DUTERTE?]”

SWS terminology for Net Satisfaction Ratings: +70 and above, “excellent”; +50 to +69, “very good”; +30 to +49, “good”; +10 to +29, “moderate”, +9 to –9, “neutral”; –10 to –29, “poor”; –30 to –49, “bad”; –50 to –69, “very bad”; –70 and below, “execrable.” SWS considers the movement from one classification to another as either an “upgrade” or “downgrade.”

On Hunger: “Nitong nakaraang tatlong buwan, nangyari po ba kahit minsan na ang inyong pamilya ay nakaranas ng gutom at wala kayong makain? (OO, HINDI) [In the last three months, did it happen even once that your family experienced hunger and not have anything to eat? (YES, NO)].

“IF EXPERIENCED HUNGER: Nangyari po ba ‘yan ng MINSAN LAMANG, MGA ILANG BESES, MADALAS, o PALAGI? [Did it happen ONLY ONCE, A FEW TIMES, OFTEN, or ALWAYS?]”

Moderate Hunger refers to those who experienced hunger “Only Once” or “A Few Times” in the last three months, while Severe Hunger refers to those who experienced it “Often” or “Always” in the last three months.

SWS employs its own staff for questionnaire design, sampling, fieldwork, data processing, and analysis, and does not outsource any of its survey operations. This report was prepared by Leo S. Laroza and Marvin R. Ipac.

[1] The SWS terminology for Net Satisfaction Ratings: +70 and above, "excellent"; +50 to +69, "very good"; +30 to +49, "good"; +10 to +29, "moderate", +9 to -9, "neutral"; -10 to -29, "poor"; -30 to -49, "bad"; -50 to -69, "very bad"; -70 and below, "execrable".

Chart 1

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Chart 3

Chart 4

Chart 5

Chart 6

Chart 7

Table 1

Table 2

Table 3

Table 4

Table 5

Table 6

Table 7

Table 8


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